Fatal errors in hunting - Failure-to-identify (FTI) Hunting Incidents - (Last update 28/06/2018: Updates to layout, additions to , downloads, project update and publications)
hfex® produced a white paper titled "Mistaken-for-Game Hunting Accidents – A Human Factors Review" that is downloadable courtesy of our customer, Hunter Safety Lab. Due to the personal/widespread interest and significance for safety across all industries including hunting, our Managing Director personally committed to conducting a PhD in this area with the priority of making a difference above and beyond any additional academic qualifications obtained from this endeavour. We anticipate this commitment will take approximately 3 years to complete. The work will not affect the day to day delivery by hfex® of great human factors solutions across the world.
The research will focus on Failure-to-identify (FTI) incidents in deer hunting and will be an independent piece of work from the original report hfex® completed.
FTI incidents relate to Rule 4 of the 2013 Arms Code, which states that the hunter must positively identify their target beyond all doubt. In some cases, due to incorrectly identifying the target, this has led to fatal shootings of another human being. The aftermath is devastating for all involved - the families, protagonists and emergency services. The practical application of this research will lead to potential improvements to widespread hunter safety related activities, self-awareness, potential reduction in incident rates and a better understanding of why people behave the way they do in many industries other than hunting.
hfex® is also using this opportunity to increase their capability and gain field based experience associated with neuroergonomics. Neuroergonomics is the application of neuroscience to human factors and ergonomics (HFE) by addressing the biological substrates with an emphasis on the role of the human nervous system and its influence on cognition and behaviour. This methodology has proved its worth into fatigue risk management, UX design, decision making and many more aspects of work performance/safety.
The research is following the current high level timeline:
The table below presents details of the research as they become publically available.
|Simulation based research into the effects of psychological and physiological phenomena||Under development|
|Field and Simulation based research into behaviour and psycho-physiology||Analysis completed. Documentation under review. Download is forthcoming!|
|Foundational mapping of the process of hunting||Download|
Some initial publicity about the research can be accessed below.
Apr 2018 - TVNZ Seven Sharp Interview
Feb 2018 - Radio NZ National interview (Karl Bridges talking about latest findings)
Aug 2016 - Josh James' YouTube announcement
Aug 2016 - NZ Herald article
Oct 2015 - 3 News interview
Oct 2015 - Radio NZ National interview (Kyle Wilson talking about white paper we co-authored)
The table below presents progress.
|Research #05 - Sika 2018 simulation trials||
27 June 2018 - Test design started, seeking supporters, obtaining equipment
|Research #03 and #04 - Field and simulation trials||
28 June 2018 - Manuscript drafted, plain English doco drafted - both under review
|Research #02 - Near miss reporting||31 May 2017 - Advised supervisor to not review, plan to combine with field and large trial academic reports - combined with Research 01 journal article
27 Mar 2017 - Submitted revised draft to supervisor
03 Mar 2017 - Submitted initial draft to working group for review
|Research #01 - Baseline modelling||
31 Jan 2018 - Published (in March 2018 edition)
The table below presents a journal of key dates.
|Progress (including completed events)|
|29 September, 2018||Sika 2018 Research|
|12 June, 2018||Ethics review approved|
|20 May, 2018||Ethics application submitted|
|01 May, 2018||Write up of 2017 research commenced|
|15 February 2018||Working Group Meeting|
|30 September, 2017||Large scale trial - Sika Show|
|21 June, 2017||Working group meeting - planning workshop|
|03 June, 2017||Field trials (pt. 2)|
|01-04 May, 2017||Field trials (pt. 1)|
|17 March, 2017||Working group deadline for journal article review|
|03 March, 2017||Second journal article up for working group review|
|16 February, 2017||Submitted first journal article|
|05 February, 2017||Plain English version of first journal article sent out|
|06 November, 2016||Closing date for confidential survey extended - noon (NZ Time)|
|17 October, 2016||Working group meeting to discuss initial findings and validate baseline|
|12 August, 2016||Second baselining workshop|
|09 August, 2016||Josh James announcing the confidential reporting|
|16 July, 2016||NZDA AGM & First data gathering method planned launch|
|06 July, 2016||Baselining workshop|
|10 June, 2016||Research protocol developed|
|28 April, 2016||Working group meeting - research methods|
|30 March, 2016||University ethics application submitted|
|16 March, 2016||Request to accessing police records|
|01 March, 2016||Official start date of PhD|
|27 January, 2016||Enrolement at University complete|
|05 February, 2016||Acceptance of application for PhD|
|28 January, 2016||Meet NZDS committee and licensing|
|16 December, 2015||Research kick off|
|14 October, 2015||3 News interview|
|12 October, 2015||Radio NZ National interview|
|21 September, 2015||Delivery of final version of the white paper|
|Associate Professor Paul Corballis||University of Auckland, PhD Supervisor|
|Associate Professor Tony Lambert||University of Auckland, PhD Co-supervisor|
|Professor Erik Hollnagel||Co-author and Subject Matter Expert|
|Dr. Kyle Wilson||hfex® Ltd, Co-author on White Paper|
The table below presents the current members of the working group of research supporters.
Their mandate is to provide support, expertise and logistical help. In return they receive latest findings of the research.
|Bill O'Leary||New Zealand Deerstalkers, President|
|Nicole McKee||Firearms Safety Specialists and COLFO|
|Joe Green||Hunting Safety Research and Police (retired)|
|Michael McIlraith & Trevor Pullen||New Zealand Police|
|Peter Wilson||Federated Mountain Clubs|
|Carol Watson||Game Animal Council|
|Geoff Kerr||Game Animal Council|
|Mike Spray||Makapua Station and Firearms Safety Specialists|
|Colin Baynes||Makapua Station|
|Don Rood & Martin Taylor||Fish and Game|
|Matthew Gibson||Gibson Hunts|
|Michael Scott||Hunter Safety Lab|
|Brad Johnson||Hunter Safety Lab|
|Steve Collings||Steve's Wholesale|
|Brent McConnell||Stoney Creek|
|Jared Wright||Hunting and Fishing|
|Josh James||Kiwi Bushman|
|Alex Gale||Safer Shooting|
|Harald Bettin||Shooting Cinema|
|Kerry Adams||The Bloke|
|Richard Ross||Balnagown Hunting|
|Vince Payne||NZDA Ruahine|
|Joseph Bagrie||Hunter, pilot and research assistant|
Bridges, K.E. & Corballis, P.M. (2018) Psychophysiological measures to understand failure-to-identify hunting accidents in deerstalking. Poster session at the 58th Annual Meeting of the Society for Psychophysiological Research (SPR) - 3-7 October 2018, Quebec City, Canada.
Bridges, K.E., Corballis, P.M. And Hollnagel, E. (2018) “Failure-to-identify” hunting incidents: a resilience engineering approach. Human Factors, 60 (2), 141-159
Bridges, K.E and Corballis, P.M. (2017) Psychophysiological measures to understand failure-to-identify hunting accidents in deerstalking. Poster session presented at the 7th Annual Cognitive Neuroscience Society - 23-26 November, 2017. Adelaide, Australia.
Bridges, K.E. (2017) Human Factors in hunting: An ongoing investigation. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society of New Zealand’s 19th Conference “Wellbeing Design Practice” – Wellington, New Zealand. 5-7 September 2017.
Bridges K.E. (2017, Spring) Researching human factors in failure-to-identify accidents. NZ Hunting and Wildlife. 198, 36-38
Bridges, K.E. (2016, October). Hunter Safety. NZ Hunter. 72-72
Should you wish to discuss, comment or contribute to this page, or would like to be kept up to date on some of the other exciting pieces of work being conducted by hfex® please fill out and send details on our contact page.